April 2019 Updates Archive
China is home to 1.4 billion people and about 67% of China’s population is expected to reside in urban areas by 2030. Nearly 100% of China’s population is reliant, in some manner, on onsite sanitation (OSS) requiring a blend of fecal sludge management (FSM) and sewage treatment. China is undergoing a Toilet Revolution, in which the National Tourist Administration pledged to build or renovate 100,000 public toilets in tourist sites around the country by 2020. Total investment in the program has exceeded $3B. This brief provides readers with an update on the sanitation market with a focus on the Reinvented Toilet (RT) in China.
- Population and housing trends
- Sewerage coverage
- Policy landscape
- Fecal sludge generation and collection
- Funding for the Reinvented Toilet (RT) and fecal sludge management (FSM)
- Cost recovery for FSM and willingness to pay (WTP)
- Incumbent solutions
- Potential market for the RT, Omni Processor (OP), and Omni Ingestor (OI)
Feedstock Adequacy for a 2-Engine J-OP in One Indian City: Findings from a Multifunctional Study in Tiruppur, India
Prior to designing and installing a fecal sludge treatment system (whether an Omni Processor [OP] or a fecal sludge treatment plant [FSTP]), it is important to gain an understanding of your fecal sludge management (FSM) reliant population, including the volumes of FS and mass of dry solids they generate. STeP, along with local partner Athena Infonomics, conducted a 3-part study between November 2017 and March 2018 to better understand the FSM reliant population residing within a 20 km radius of a potential OP site in Tiruppur, Tamil Nadu. The study aimed to (a) understand household characteristics and FSM behaviors; (b) quantify the volume of FS generated in the 20-km catchment area; and (c) evaluate the energetic properties and total solids content of the FS collected in Tiruppur. Based on measured FS accumulation, total solids and energetic value, there is close to sufficient feedstock to supply a 2-engine J-OP within a 20 km radius of the proposed site in Tiruppur, equating to a fecal sludge management (FSM) population of approximately 1 million people.
- Fecal sludge accumulation and volume
- Household characteristics and FSM behavior
- Calorific value and total solids (TS) content of FS
- Optimal size J-OP
This resource aims to provide readers with a guide to integrating a gender lens into sanitation solutions, including technology, policy, and others. Readers should expect to come away with: An understanding of how gender influences sanitation and the resulting impacts of sanitation on gender-related outcomes; working knowledge of the language and terminology used in gender and sanitation; gender-related elements to keep in mind when designing sanitation solutions and go-to-market strategies; examples of what can go wrong when gender is not considered in sanitation solutions; and a path forward to integrating a gender lens into sanitation solutions.
- Overview of gender and sanitation
- Gender vocabulary
- Gender influences across the sanitation value chain
- What does this mean for Commercial Partners?
This study from SP Investment Holdings focuses on the Reinvented Toilet (RT) sanitation landscape for South African municipalities. The report provides nine key recommendations for sanitation technology innovators considering the South African market and highlights eight key factors municipalities consider when procuring new sanitation technologies. Insights are driven by qualitative interviews and data at both national and municipal levels. Readers can apply these insights to tailor design and go-to-market strategy for your sanitation technology to the South African context. A data-rich annex provides readers with a deeper understanding of the demographics and sanitation technology experiences of 23 South African municipalities.
- State of sanitation services and technology innovations in South Africa
- Sanitation technology procurement by municipalities
- National and municipal legal frameworks governing sanitation
This brief provides readers with an update on the operations and maintenance aspects of community and public toilets in India.
- Management models for community and public toilets
- Community and public toilet stakeholders and decision making
- Cleaning products used in community and public toilets