Gender and the Sanitation Value Chain: A Review of the Evidence

Gender matters in sanitation. Emerging evidence shows that gender differences and dynamics along the sanitation value chain can influence people’s access to sanitation as well as their health, development, and empowerment, especially for the most vulnerable. Beyond biological differences between men and women, cultural practices, beliefs, and gendered social norms lead to disparities in men’s and women’s access to sanitation facilities, influence roles and responsibilities in the household, and affect decision-making power. Building on existing momentum and meaningfully applying a gender lens across the sanitation value chain can considerably improve sanitation outcomes. This report provides a review of the current evidence available on gender in sanitation and concludes with key learnings to help advance research and understanding.

Key topics

  • Poor sanitation and outcome disparities
  • Gender differences along the sanitation value chain
  • Gender and it’s role in sanitation policy
  • Emerging approaches to gender integration in development
  • Conclusions and key learnings



Country of focus:



December 2018


household, hygiene, toilet, value proposition, VP, waste, water

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